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Low Level Development

Introduces how to build and pack uboot, kernel, aosp and so on.

Environment configuration

In order to avoid problems with environment configuration during the Android compilation process and improve development efficiency, we introduced Docker as a tool.

Docker is an open source application container engine that helps developers build, deploy, and manage applications more efficiently.

Dockerfile is a text file that builds a Docker image. The environment required to compile Android12 can be built according to the following content.

FROM ubuntu:20.04

ENV DEBIAN_FRONTEND noninteractive

RUN apt-get update -y && apt-get install -y software-properties-common apt-utils
RUN add-apt-repository -y ppa:deadsnakes/ppa
RUN apt-get update -y && apt-get install -y python3.8
RUN update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/python3 python3 /usr/bin/python3.8 150
RUN apt-get install -y python3-pip && pip install pycrypto

RUN apt-get update -y && apt-get install -y openjdk-8-jdk python git-core gnupg flex bison gperf build-essential \
zip curl gawk liblz4-tool zlib1g-dev gcc-multilib g++-multilib libc6-dev-i386 \
libncurses5 libncurses-dev x11proto-core-dev libx11-dev lib32z-dev ccache \
libgl1-mesa-dev libxml2-utils xsltproc unzip mtools u-boot-tools \
htop iotop sysstat iftop pigz bc device-tree-compiler lunzip \
dosfstools vim-common parted udev libssl-dev sudo rsync python3-pyelftools cpio

RUN wget '' -p /usr/local/bin/repo && \
chmod +x /usr/local/bin/repo && \
which repo

ENV PS1="\[\033[01;37m\]\u@build\[\033[00m\]:\[\033[01;32m\]\w\[\033[00m\]:$ "

RUN apt-get install -y lzop swig
RUN apt-get update -y && apt-get install -y tzdata

Build Docker image

$ docker build -t android-builder:12.x --build-arg USER_ID=`id -u` --build-arg GROUP_ID=`id -g` $(which-dir-dockerfile-in)

Download Radxa Android SDK

Radxa Android SDK contains hundreds of Git repositories, and it would be very tedious to download them one by one without repo.


Repo is a tool used in Android development to manage multiple Git repositories. It is a Python script that facilitates developers to version control and manage multiple Git libraries.

Download Repo

$ wget '' -P /tmp/
$ sudo cp /tmp/repo /usr/local/bin/repo
$ sudo chmod +x /usr/local/bin/repo

Code download

$ repo init -u -b Android12_Radxa_rk14 -m rockchip-r-release.xml
$ repo sync -d --no-tags -j4

Build Image

Image compilation can use two methods

Compile using SDK compilation script

android12 $ source build/
android12 $ lunch RadxaCM5-userdebug
android12 $ ./ -AUCKup

Wait for the compilation to be completed and you can find the image in the IMAGE directory.

Method Two

You can compile the image step by step according to this method

  1. Set up the environment for compiling the project
android12 $ export PRODUCT_NAME="RadxaCM5"
android12 $ export PRODUCT_UBOOT_CONFIG="rk3588"
android12 $ export PRODUCT_KERNEL_CONFIG="rockchip_defconfig android-11.config RadxaCM5.config"
android12 $ export PRODUCT_KERNEL_DTS="rk3588s-radxa-cm5-io"
  1. Compile U-boot
android12 $ cd u-boot
android12/u-boot $ make clean
android12/u-boot $ make mrproper
android12/u-boot $ make distclean
android12/u-boot $ ./ ${PRODUCT_UBOOT_CONFIG}
android12 $ cd -
  1. Compile the kernel
android12 $ cd kernel
android12/kernel $ ADDON_ARGS="CC=../prebuilts/clang/host/linux-x86/clang-r383902b/bin/clang LD=../prebuilts/clang/host/linux-x86/clang-r383902b/bin/ld.lld"
android12/kernel $ make clean
android12/kernel $ make $ADDON_ARGS ARCH=arm64 ${PRODUCT_KERNEL_CONFIG}
android12/kernel $ make $ADDON_ARGS ARCH=arm64 ${PRODUCT_KERNEL_DTS}.img -j$(nproc)
android12 $ cd -
  1. Compile AOSP
android12 $ source build/
android12 $ lunch ${PRODUCT_NAME}-userdebug
android12 $ make -j$(nproc)
  1. Make Images
android12 $ rm -rf rockdev
android12 $ ln -s RKTools/linux/Linux_Pack_Firmware/rockdev .
android12 $ ./
  1. Package Image
android12 $ cd rockdev
android12/rockdev $ rm -rf Image
android12/rockdev $ ln -s Image-${PRODUCT_NAME} Image

# Packaged into RK update format image
android12/rockdev $ ./

# Packaged into GPT format image
android12/rockdev $ ./